HEALTH AND SAFETY ARE WORKERS' RIGHTS, BUT ALSO AN OBLIGATION!
1. PURPOSE AND FIELD OF APPLICATION
This manual contains a set of rules to be complied with to prevent the risks associated with each work station and information concerning occupational health and safety. It applies to all Calvelex staff.
2. GENERAL SAFETY RULES
All operating and use instructions for equipment/machinery should be carefully followed.
Workers should receive clear and precise instructions on the use and functioning of the equipment and machines that they are going to operate, as well as on their associated risks; ask the person in charge if you have any questions.
Tools should be maintained by users in good working order and inspected periodically in order to check their condition.
Tools and other accessories should never be carried in clothing pockets, with the exception of those intended for this purpose.
Tools with sharp and/or cutting edges should be carried so as not to cause injury.
Try to keep your work station clean and tidy, to prevent industrial accidents.
Use the correct tools and equipment for the work to be carried out and use them safely.
Use approved and appropriate personal protection equipment and keep it in a good condition.
Respect the safety signage.
If you detect anomalies in any equipment that may affect safety and the environment, immediately inform your superior.
Do not modify or repair any machinery if you are not qualified.
Do not remove or modify machinery guards.
Avoid entering the operating range of mobile plant and try to remain in a location visible to the plant operator.
Use all electrical equipment with precaution.
Do not consume alcoholic beverages.
Do not place other workers at risk.
Improvisation is the enemy of safety. For this reason follow the working instructions/safety procedures you were given for the equipment. If you have any questions, don’t hesitate – ask for explanations.
Use the correct locations designated for trimmings and waste.
3. GENERAL OBLIGATIONS OF WORKERS
Comply with the legal requirements on Occupational Health and Safety, as well as any instructions you are given on this issue.
Look after your own health and safety, as well as the health and safety of other people who may be affected by your actions.
Correctly handle machinery, tools and other resources made available to you.
Use and look after personal and collective protective equipment.
Contribute and cooperate to improve the occupational health and safety system.
Immediately report any situations of serious and imminent danger you may detect. If it is not possible to establish immediate contact with those who should take the necessary measures, follow the steps established for this situation.
Comply with smoking bans.
Do not consume alcoholic beverages.
Behave correctly, in terms of both moral and civil conduct.
Perform the duties assigned to you with dedication and perfection.
Give opinions that can have constructive effects.
Help all other employees whenever necessary.
Be careful with the materials, tools and vehicles that you use in performing your tasks.
Keep accesses and passages free.
Correctly organise materials to prevent all risks of accidents to employees in movement.
Keep work stations in order, materials tidy and gangways clear, thus preventing workers from slipping or falling.
Work machinery should be used by authorised and duly equipped people.
Before using any machine or tool (including vehicles) check its condition; any fault that appears should be reported to the person in charge.
Do not remain within the operating range of lifting plant to prevent collision and/or accidents due to falling objects.
Keep an eye on the state of repair of portable electrical tools, their power cables, plugs, and other elements.
Tools should be correctly connected to power supply units, as envisaged for this purpose.
Any provisional adaptation of tools, plugs, or sockets should be carried out by authorised personnel.
Whenever a portable electrical tool is hit or falls, this should be immediately reported to the person in charge.
Electrical tools should not be used outdoors if it is raining.
The manual transport of loads should be carried out with the body in the correct position, to prevent injuries to hands, feet, head and back.
Loads should not be carried at eye height, to prevent lack of visibility, collisions and falls.
When carrying long objects, make sure you have enough space around you.
Do not enter or work in dark places.
Do not work at heights without firmly secured railings and check whether there are people and goods in the surrounding area that may be harmed by falling materials or tools.
Do not climb ladders without first inspecting their state of repair and the ground on which they are set.
Do not use walkways if you have any misgivings concerning their strength.
Extinguishers provide first response protection against fires.
They must be inspected once a year, as certified by a seal.
The positioning and use of extinguishers should comply with the following principles:
They should be placed on walls or pillars that are easy to access in the event of an emergency and in spacious areas.
They should be duly signposted and identified, at the entrance to work sites and in the different sections.
Staff should be trained to use them correctly.
4.1. Fire Extinguishers should be used as follows:
Approach the fire from the direction of the wind or the normal air circulation within the building.
Attack the fire directing the extinguisher jet at the base of the flames.
In the event of fluids spilt from pipes, move the extinguisher jet from above to below.
Ensure a sufficient number of extinguishers for the risk and number of people who could use them.
Consider the possibility of abandoning the attempt to extinguish the fire.
After use, the fire extinguisher should be recharged by a fire service company.
4.2. Procedure in the event of an accident
Give a general alarm.
Identify the fire category.
Do not panic.
Run in the direction of the nearest fire extinguisher.
Pull the extinguisher pin and break the seal.
Approach the fire.
Use the fire extinguisher in accordance with the extinguisher type and fire category.
5. EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Calvelex has defined emergency procedures. By each door there is a break glass box, which should be used in the event of an accident.
Whenever you hear the fire alarm (a continuous and uninterrupted signal), turn off all plant, electrical equipment and vehicles. Make your way to the closest emergency exit, leading out of the factory. The meeting point for all staff is next to the main gate, this location being duly identified.
6. PROCEDURE IN THE EVENT OF AN ACCIDENT
Immediately warn or order others to warn the person in charge and/or OHS (Occupational Health and Safety) department and first-aiders in the sector.
Do not move the victim, unless the victim’s life is threatened or you have specialised training.
Do not give the victim any food or liquids.
Protect the victim from cold/heat.
Keep away any people not required to administer first aid.
Keep accesses clear, to facilitate the arrival of the specialist first aid.
In the event of an accident with electric current, do not touch the victim before ensuring that the electric current has been disconnected.
In the event of a serious accident, go to the meeting point and remain attentive in order to facilitate the counting of the workforce.
Do not move the victim, except in a case of extreme necessity.
Do not give the victim anything to drink.
Keep onlookers away.
Follow the provisions of the emergency ground plan.
7. SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS:
Cutting/sewing/heat bond/labelling and other machines
Each work station has a safety procedure that should be scrupulously complied with.
– Before starting work:
Check that the machine is operating normally
Check whether the shut-off control is operational and whether the guards are in place
– While working:
Follow all safety instructions concerning equipment handling
Keep gangways clear
Create enough room to perform your work safely
Do not use compressed air to clean yourself
– In the event of maintenance:
Disconnect the machine<
Affix an “undergoing maintenance” notice
8. EXAMPLES OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPAMENT (PPE)
While handling chemicals and other products …
While handling chemicals and other products …
Ear defenders …
Employees should use suitable protection against manufacturing noise.
9. EMERGENCY CONTACTS
National Emergency Number
Poisoning/Intoxication (Poison Centre)
Lousada Voluntary Fire Brigade
Penafiel Padre Américo Hospital
Lustosa Health Centre
Lousada National Republican Guard
Santos Silva Hospital
Carvalhos Health Centre
Carvalhos National Republican Guard
Carvalhos Voluntary Fire Brigade
Matosinhos Voluntary Fire Brigade
Matosinhos Pedro Hispano Hospital
Matosinhos Health Centre
Matosinhos José Morais Pharmacy
Matosinhos PSP (Police)